What is the Analecta Hymnica?

What is the Analecta Hymnica?

“The “Analecta hymnica Medii Aevi” series was originally published from 1886 to 1922 in 55 volumes by Guido Maria Dreves, with the cooperation of Clemens Blume and Henry M. Bannister. The series provides the most extensive collection and history of medieval Latin hymns of the Catholic Church, 500-1400.”

Text extracted from:
http://library.hds.harvard.edu/key-e-resources/analecta-hymnica-medii-aevi

I recommend you to download the following volumes.

Book 6: Udalricus Wessofontanus. Ulrich Stöcklins von Rottach Abts zu Wessobrunn 1438-1443. Reimgebete und Leselieder mit Ausschluss der Psalterien.

Ulrich Stöcklins von Rottach Abbot of Wessobrunn: Rhyme prayers and reading songs with exclusion of psalteries (but it has rosaries).

https://archive.org/details/analectahymnica06drevuoft

Book 35: Psalteria Rhythmica. Gereimte Psalterien des Mittelalters. Erste Folge. Aus Handschriften und Frühdrucken.

Rhyming Psalters of the Middle Ages. First Volume. From manuscripts and early printed books.

https://archive.org/details/analectahymnica35drevuoft

Book 36: Psalteria Rhythmica. Gereimte Psalterien des Mittelalters. Zweite Folge. Nebst einem Anhange von Rosarien.

Rhyming Psalters of the Middle Ages. Second Volume. In addition to an appendix of Rosaries

https://archive.org/details/analectahymnica36drevuoft

Book 38: Psalteria Wessofontana. Ulrich Stöcklins von Rottach Abts zu Wessobrunn 1438-1443 siebenzehn Reimpsalterien.

Ulrich Stöcklins von Rottach Abbot of Wessobrunn: seventeen rhymed Psalters

https://archive.org/details/analectahymnica38drevuoft

On those pages you will see the many variations created by those who refused to promote Our Lady’s Psalter (Rosary 150). I’m using these on my researchs.

The whole collection is available in archive.org.

Analecta Hymnica Volume 6
Analecta Hymnica Volume 6
Analecta Hymnica Volume 35
Analecta Hymnica Volume 35
Analecta Hymnica Volume 36
Analecta Hymnica Volume 36
Analecta Hymnica Volume 38
Analecta Hymnica Volume 38

The Book of the Words, by Albert Pike

If we are going to decode the bible, we need to use masonic sources, because everything is related.

Let’s begin introducing Albert Pike: (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Pike)
“Albert Pike (December 29, 1809 – April 2, 1891) was an American attorney, Confederate officer, writer, and Freemason.”

“He first joined the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1840 then had in the interim joined a Masonic Lodge and became extremely active in the affairs of the organization, being elected Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite‘s Southern Jurisdiction in 1859.[6] He remained Sovereign Grand Commander for the remainder of his life (a total of thirty-two years), devoting a large amount of his time to developing the rituals of the order.[10] Notably, he published a book called Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in 1871, of which there were several subsequent editions.”

“Pike is still regarded in America as an eminent[11] and influential[12] Freemason, primarily only in the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction.”

He wrote many works, including “The Book of the Words.”

“Here’s Pike at his best! Masonry is permeated with powerful symbolism-both verbal and pictorial-that arouses the mental, spiritual, and intellectual life of those who use them. This extremely interesting study, once limited to 150 copies, gives the correct spelling of, and analyzes all the “significant words” (pass words, etc.) in, the Scottish Rite from the 1st through 30th degrees inclusive. In addition to being an etymological dictionary Pike explains WHY any given word was chosen for a given degree thereby revealing THE HIDDEN SYMBOLISM OF EACH WORD. Illustrated and highly recommended!” (Source of the commentary: http://books.google.com.gt/books/about/The_Book_of_the_Words.html?id=KlLPjK9ETyoC&redir_esc=y)

You can download the book from the next links:

https://archive.org/details/The_Book_Of_The_Words_-_A_Pike
https://archive.org/details/AlbertPikeTheBookOfTheWords
http://www.hermetics.org/pdf/masonry/Albert_Pike_-_The_Book_Of_The_Words_raw.pdf
http://www.globalgrey.co.uk/book-of-the-words/

Here there are some highlights:

TheBookOfTheWords1

TheBookOfTheWords2

TheBookOfTheWords3

TheBookOfTheWords4

TheBookOfTheWords5

Introduction of the Massoretico-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible

Written by Christian David Ginsburg, 1897.

There are many links for this work, you can find it in one book, or in 2 books.

As one book, here is the link for download:
https://archive.org/stream/introductionofma00ginsuoft#page/n3/mode/2up
As two books, here are the links for download:
https://archive.org/details/IntroductionToTheMasoretico-criticalEditionOfTheHebrewBible01
https://archive.org/details/IntroductionToTheMasoretico-criticalEditionOfTheHebrewBible02

You can also read it on line:
http://bible.zoxt.net/ginz/ginz.htm

It’s interesting to read these sections from Chapter IX, section 5 (the images were taken from the downloaded books):

viii. The Removal of Indelicate Expressions and Anthropomorphisms, &c, from the Text

Massoretico-Critical1

ix. The Emendations of the Sopherim

Massoretico-Critical2

x. Impious Expressions towards the Almighty

Massoretico-Critical3

xi. The Safeguarding of the Tetragrammaton

Massoretico-Critical4

 xii. The attempt to Remove the Application of the Names of False Gods to Jehovah

Massoretico-Critical5

Massoretico-Critical6

Who is Christian David Ginsburg?

“Christian David Ginsburg (25 December 1831 in Warsaw, Congress Poland (now Poland) – 7 March 1914 in Palmers Green, Middlesex, England) was a Polish-born, British Bible scholar and student of the masoretic tradition in Judaism. He was born to a Jewish family in Warsaw, converting to Christianity at the age of 15.”

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_David_Ginsburg

“Besides editions of the Song of Songs, 1857, and Ecclesiastes, 1861, he published essays on the Karaites, 1862; and Essenes, 1864; and a full account in English of the Cabala, 1865.He then devoted himself to Masoretic studies, publishing the text and translation of Elias Levita’s “Massoret ha-Massoret” in 1867, and of Jacob b. Hayyim’s “Introduction to the Rabbinic Bible” in the same year. He was elected a member of the Board of Revisers of the Old Testament in 1870, and devoted himself to the collation of all the extant remains of the Masorah, three volumes of which he published in 1880-86. Based upon these collations, he edited a new text of the Old Testament for the Trinitarian Bible Society, which was published in 1894 under the title “The Massoretico-Critical Text of the Hebrew Bible.” To this he wrote an introduction, published together with a volume of facsimiles of the manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, in 1897…”

Source: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/6680-ginsburg-christian-david

Even though he published some essays about some books of the bible, his main work is “The introduction to the Massoretico-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible.” We discuss it on the next post.

ginsburg and his masterpiece

The Massoreth ha-Massoreth of Elias Levita

We talked about this book on this post:
https://rosariofatima.wordpress.com/2015/01/02/who-is-elias-levita/
“There are two translation of his book. In 1772 the whole book was translated into German by Christian Gottlob Meyer, and in 1867 into English by Christian D. Ginsburg.”

A brief explanation of the English version.

http://www.gorgiaspress.com/bookshop/p-58246-the-massoreth-ha-massoreth-of-elias-levita.aspx

“The Massoreth ha-Massoreth of Elias Levita provides a guide to the traditional marginalia to the Hebrew text of the Old Testament. This comprehensive and exhaustive text includes appendices, such as a mnemonic poem for how often each letter appears in the Bible. Included are column by column translations, as well as a full introduction on the work and the calamitous life of Levita.”

The English version by Christian D. Ginsburg is available on these links:
https://archive.org/details/themassorethhama00ashuuoft
https://archive.org/details/cu31924029276306

MassoretHaMassoret1 English version

As we said before, there is also an older German version, available on these links:
http://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/resolve/display/bsb10239699.html
http://books.google.com.gt/books?id=D9ZJHAAACAAJ&dq=%22des+Buchs+Massoreth%22&redir_esc=y
https://archive.org/details/uebersetzungdesb00leviuoft

“In 1771 German Bible scholar Johann Salomo Semler (1725-91) produced a German translation of R. Eliyahu Bahur’s (Elias Levita) מסורת המסורת titled Übersetzung des Buchs Massoreth Hamassoreth.(Semler was the editor; the translation itself was done by an apostate Jew called Christian Gottlob Meyer….)”

Source of the commentary: http://onthemainline.blogspot.com/2008/05/german-translation-of-hebrew-book.html

MassoretHaMassoret2 German version

Who is Elias Levita?

Ok, this time we’ll show you the story of this guy. Pay attention to his deeds, he wrote a book we are interested in: “Massoret Ha Massoret.”

EliasLevita
“Elia Levita (13 February 1469 – 28 January 1549), (Hebrew: אליהו בן אשר הלוי אשכנזי) also known as Elijah Levita, Elias Levita, Élie Lévita, Elia Levita Ashkenazi, Eliahu Bakhur (“Eliahu the Bachelor”) was a Renaissance Hebrew grammarian, scholar and poet. He was the author of the Bovo-Bukh (written in 1507–1508), the most popular chivalric romance written in Yiddish. Living for a decade in the house of Cardinal Egidio da Viterbo, he was also one of the foremost tutors of Christian notables in Hebrew and Jewish mysticism during the Renaissance.” Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elia_Levita

You can also check the French wikipedia:
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89lie_L%C3%A9vita

It’s curious that in wikipedia in English  they don’t mention Elias Levita as the author of Massoret ha-Massoret (but in the french version they do). So we need to check the Jewish Encyclopedia to find out more about this issue.

“Massoret.” source: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5590-elias-levita

“Two years after the completion of the “Sefer ha-Zikronot” Elijah published his Masoretic work “Massoret ha-Massoret” (Venice, 1538), divided into three parts, respectively denominated “First Tables,” “Second Tables,” and “Broken Tables,” each with an introduction. The “First Tables” is divided into ten sections, or commandments (“‘Aseret ha-Debarim”), dealing with the “full” and “defective” writing of syllables. The “Second Tables” treats of the “ḳere” and “ketib,” “ḳameẓ” and “pataḥ,” “dagesh,” “mappiḳ,” “rafe,” etc. The “Broken Tables” discusses the abbreviations used by the Masorites. In the third introduction Elijah produces an array of most powerful arguments to prove that the vowel-points in the Hebrew Bibles were invented by the Masorites in the fifth century of the common era. This theory, although suggested by some Jewish scholars as early as the ninth century, provoked a great outcry among the Orthodox Jews, who ascribed to the vowel-points the greatest antiquity. They were already dissatisfied with Elijah for giving instruction in Hebrew to Christians, since the latter openly confessed that they studied the Hebrew language with the hope of finding in the Hebrew texts, especially in the Cabala, arguments against Judaism. To this Elijah replied in the first introduction to the “Massoret ha-Massoret” that he taught only the elements of the language and did not teach Cabala at all. Moreover, he pointed out that Christian Hebraists generally defended the Jews against the attacks of the fanatical clergy. Elijah’s theory concerning the modernityof the vowel-points caused still greater excitement among Christians, and for three centuries it gave occasion for discussions among Catholic and Protestant scholars, such as Buxtorf, Walton, De Rossi, and others. The “Massoret ha-Massoret” was so favorably received that in less than twelve months after its appearance it was republished at Basel (1539). In this edition Sebastian Münster translated into Latin the three introductions, and gave a brief summary of the contents of the three parts. The third part, or the “Broken Tables,” was republished separately at Venice in 1566, under the title “Perush ha-Massoret we-Ḳara Shemo Sha’are Shibre Luḥot.” This part of the book was again republished, with additions, by Samuel ben Ḥayyim at Prague in 1610. The three introductions were also translated into Latin by Nagel (Altdorf, 1758-71). In 1772 the whole book was translated into German by Christian Gottlob Meyer, and in 1867 into English by Christian D. Ginsburg.”

La Biblia de Felipe Scio de San Miguel 1790-1793

Es la primera traducción de la Vulgata al español, publicada entre los años 1790-1793, por lo mismo no incluye los libros 3 Esdras y 4 Esdras, además la Nominum Interpretatio está ausente. Existen versiones posteriores, pero consideramos más adecuado tener a la mano la primera edición, la cual está disponible en el siguiente enlace:

http://bivaldi.gva.es/consulta/busqueda.cmd

1790-1793 Scio1

Escriban “vulgata” en el motor de búsqueda, se mostrarán 10 resultados, que consisten en los 10 tomos que describimos a continuación:

1790-1793 Scio2

Tomo 1, 1791: Génesis, Éxodo y Levítico.
Tomo 2, 1791: Número, Deuteronomio, Josué, Jueces, Rut.
Tomo 3, 1791: 1 Reyes, 2 Reyes, 3 Reyes, 4 Reyes.
Tomo 4, 1792: 1 Paralipómenos, 2 Paralipómenos 2, 1 Esdras, 2 Esdras, Tobías, Judit, Ester, Job.
Tomo 5, 1792: Salmos, Proverbios, Eclesiastés.
Tomo 6, 1793: Cántico de Cánticos (Cantar de los Cantares), Sabiduría, Eclesiástico, Isaías.
Tomo 7, 1793: Jeremías, Trenos (Lamentaciones), Baruc, Ezequiel, Daniel.
Tomo 8, 1793: Oseas, Joel, Amós, Abdías, Jonás, Miqueas, Nahúm, Habacuc, Sofonías, Hageo, Zacarías, Malaquías, 1 Macabeos, 2 Macabeos.
Tomo 9, 1790: Mateo, Marcos, Lucas, Juan.
Tomo 10, 1790: Hechos, Romanos, 1 Corintios, 2 Corintios, Gálatas, Efesios, Filipenses, Colosenses, 1 Tesalonicenses, 2 Tesalonicenses, 1 Timoteo, 2 Timoteo, Tito, Filemón, Hebreos, Santiago, 1 Pedro, 2 Pedro, 1 Juan, 2 Juan, Judas, Apocalipsis.

1790-1793 Scio3

1790-1793 Scio4

El texto descriptivo se ha tomado del siguiente enlace:
http://www.mercaba.org/FICHAS/BIBLIA/biblia_en_castellano.htm

“Según cuenta Scío, el rey Carlos III le encomendó en 1780 la traducción de la Biblia completa al castellano. Para acompañar la traducción y corrección de la obra a realizarse fue designado otro sacerdote escolapio, Benito Felíu de San Pedro. Para 1788, el rey Carlos IV asume el proyecto de su padre y decide que se imprima la obra en Valencia. Para entonces Scío se encontraba en Portugal, así que la dirección de la impresión y la corrección de las pruebas se realiza en Valencia bajo la dirección del padre Felíu de San Pedro. El padre Scío envía en ese tiempo los libros pertinentes de su biblioteca a Valencia y los pone a disposición del p. Felíu y los demás escolapios que estaban revisando las pruebas de la primera edición. De 1790 a 1793 se imprime la Biblia traducida por el padre Scío, con la colaboración cercana del p. Felíu. Y tan sólo un año después estaba ya agotada totalmente la primera edición. La obra lleva multitud de argumentos justificatorios para aparecer en castellano. Se trata de una edición a dos columnas, con el latín y el castellano en paralelo. La traducción es por momentos bastante dura por el deseo de Scío de ajustarse a la letra de la Vulgata. Constituye también un monumento de erudición por las notas a pie de página. La alusión al texto hebreo y griego para ciertos libros del Antiguo Testamento y al griego para otros y para los del Nuevo Testamento evidencian su vasto conocimiento bíblico. Las notas del padre Scío también traen posibles variantes de traducción al castellano. Además hay notas de carácter espiritual. La edición lleva unos bastante completos índices de nombres y lugares, así como una cronología, obviamente según la información de la época, y otros elementos auxiliares. Todo ello habla elocuentemente de la notable calidad científica de quienes participaron en la traducción del siglo XVIII.”